As a GoPro user, you may have encountered a variety of file types on your camera, including LRV, THM, and MP4 files. Understanding these file types is essential to maximizing the potential of your GoPro and ensuring a smooth experience when managing and editing your footage. In this guide, we will delve into the world of GoPro file formats, specifically focusing on LRV and THM files, as well as the more familiar MP4 file format.
We will begin by discussing what THM and LRV files are, as well as their relationship to MP4 files. Next, we will explore which GoPro models utilize these file types, followed by instructions on how to open, convert, and delete THM and LRV files. Finally, we’ll wrap up with a comprehensive FAQ section that covers topics such as the difference between MP4 and LRV formats, video quality, and the best way to delete videos from your GoPro.
By the end of this guide, you will have a solid understanding of GoPro LRV and THM files and how they function within your camera. With this knowledge in hand, you’ll be better equipped to manage your GoPro footage and ensure the highest possible quality for your videos. So, let’s dive in and explore the fascinating world of GoPro file formats!
What are GoPro LRV and THM Files?
GoPro cameras generate various file types to help manage and optimize your video footage. Two of these file types are LRV and THM files. In this section, we will explore the purpose and function of each file type, as well as their relationship with the more commonly known MP4 format.
What is a THM File on GoPro?
A THM file, short for Thumbnail, is a small JPEG image that serves as a preview for your GoPro video file. When you browse through your videos on the GoPro camera or in the GoPro app, these thumbnail images help you quickly identify specific clips. THM files are generated automatically by your GoPro camera and have the same name as the associated video file, but with a .thm file extension.
What is a LRV File on GoPro?
LRV stands for Low-Resolution Video. These files are smaller, lower quality versions of your original high-resolution video footage. LRV files are designed to make video playback and editing smoother and more efficient, especially on devices with limited processing power. They have the same file name as the original video but with a .lrv file extension.
When you play or edit your videos using the GoPro app, the app utilizes the LRV files to ensure faster loading and smoother playback. Once you’re done editing, the app will export your final video using the high-resolution MP4 file, retaining the original quality.
What is a MP4 File?
MP4 is a widely used digital multimedia container format that can store video, audio, and other data such as subtitles and images. In the context of GoPro cameras, MP4 files are the primary high-resolution video files that you record. These files deliver the best video quality and are the ones you will use when sharing or exporting your final edited footage.
In summary, THM and LRV files are generated by your GoPro camera to optimize the user experience during video playback and editing. While THM files serve as visual previews for your video clips, LRV files enable faster and smoother editing and playback. In contrast, MP4 files are the high-quality video files that you’ll ultimately share and use in your final edits.
Which GoPro Models Use THM and LRV Files?
GoPro has utilized THM and LRV files in various camera models throughout its history. While it is important to note that new models may be released after the knowledge cutoff date of this AI, as of September 2021, the following GoPro models are known to use THM and/or LRV files:
- GoPro HERO
- GoPro HERO2
- GoPro HERO3 (White, Silver, and Black editions)
- GoPro HERO3+ (Silver and Black editions)
- GoPro HERO4 (Session, Silver, and Black editions)
- GoPro HERO5 (Session, Black, and Karma editions)
- GoPro HERO6 Black
- GoPro HERO7 (White, Silver, and Black editions)
- GoPro HERO8 Black
- GoPro HERO9 Black
- GoPro MAX
- GoPro HERO10 Black
- GoPro HERO11 Black
It is worth mentioning that as GoPro continues to release new models and update their software, the use of THM and LRV files may change. To ensure that you have the most accurate and up-to-date information about your specific GoPro model, always consult the user manual or the official GoPro website.
How do I open a THM and LRV File?
Opening THM and LRV files is quite simple. Here’s how to do it:
Opening a THM File
THM files are essentially JPEG images. To open a THM file, follow these steps:
- Locate the THM file on your computer or SD card.
- Right-click on the file and choose “Open with.”
- Select an image viewer application, such as Windows Photo Viewer, macOS Preview, or any other image viewing software you have installed.
- The THM file should open as a regular image in your chosen application.
If the file doesn’t open with a simple double-click, you can try changing the file extension from .thm to .jpg and then open it using any image viewer.
Opening an LRV File
LRV files are low-resolution video files. To open an LRV file, follow these steps:
- Locate the LRV file on your computer or SD card.
- Right-click on the file and choose “Open with.”
- Select a media player application, such as VLC Media Player, Windows Media Player, or QuickTime Player.
- The LRV file should open and play like any other video file in your chosen application.
Keep in mind that LRV files are lower quality than the original high-resolution MP4 files. They are primarily used for faster video playback and editing on the GoPro app or devices with limited processing power. For the best quality, use the corresponding MP4 file when sharing or exporting your final video.
Can I Delete THM and LRV Files?
Yes you can delete THM and LRV files without affecting the original high-resolution MP4 video files. However, it is essential to understand the implications of deleting these files.
THM files are thumbnail images that provide a visual preview of your video clips. Deleting THM files will not impact your video quality or content, but it may make it more challenging to identify specific clips when browsing through your videos on the GoPro camera or app.
LRV files are low-resolution video files used for faster playback and editing on the GoPro app or devices with limited processing power. Deleting LRV files will not impact the quality of your final exported videos. However, you may experience slower and less smooth video playback and editing if you remove these files.
How do I convert a GoPro THM File?
Converting a GoPro THM file is quite straightforward, as THM files are essentially JPEG images with a different file extension. To convert a THM file to a JPEG file or another image format, follow these steps:
- Locate the THM file on your computer or SD card.
- Right-click on the file and choose “Rename.”
- Change the file extension from .thm to .jpg (e.g., from “GOPR0123.thm” to “GOPR0123.jpg”) and press Enter.
- Confirm the change if prompted by your operating system.
Now you have successfully converted the THM file to a JPEG file. You can open and view the file using any image viewer or edit it with your preferred image editing software.
If you want to convert the THM file to another image format (e.g., PNG or TIFF), you can do so using an image editing application, such as Photoshop, GIMP, or an online image converter. Simply open the converted JPEG file in the image editor, and then save or export it in your desired format.
How do I Convert a GoPro LRV File?
Converting a GoPro LRV file to another video format like MP4 or AVI can be done using a video converter software. Follow these steps to convert an LRV file:
- Download and install a video converter application, such as VLC Media Player, HandBrake, or Wondershare UniConverter. These programs are widely used and support various video formats.
- Open the video converter application.
- Import the LRV file into the converter. This can usually be done by clicking an “Add” or “Import” button, or by dragging and dropping the file directly into the application window.
- Choose your desired output format, such as MP4 or AVI. Be sure to adjust the output settings, like resolution and quality, to match your preferences.
- Select the output folder where you want the converted file to be saved.
- Start the conversion process by clicking the “Convert” or “Start” button. The converter will process the LRV file and save the new video file in the selected format and location.
Keep in mind that LRV files are low-resolution versions of your original video footage. When converting LRV files, the quality will not be as high as the original MP4 video file recorded by your GoPro camera. For the best quality, always use the high-resolution MP4 file when sharing or exporting your final videos.
Understanding the different file types generated by your GoPro camera, particularly THM and LRV files, is crucial for managing and optimizing your video footage. This guide has provided valuable insights into these file types, their functions, and how to manage, open, and convert them.
By being aware of the role these files play in your GoPro experience, you can make informed decisions about whether to keep or delete them and how to handle them effectively. As you continue using your GoPro, remember that THM and LRV files are there to make your video playback and editing process smoother, while your high-resolution MP4 files deliver the stunning video quality that GoPro cameras are known for.
What is the difference between MP4 and LRV?
The main difference between MP4 and LRV files lies in their resolution, quality, and purpose within the GoPro ecosystem.
Resolution and Quality: MP4 files are high-resolution video files that deliver the best video quality recorded by your GoPro camera. They capture all the details, colors, and nuances of your footage, which is essential when sharing or exporting your final videos. On the other hand, LRV files are low-resolution video files with reduced quality. They are smaller in size and have lower video bitrate compared to MP4 files.
Purpose: MP4 files are the primary video files you will use for editing, sharing, or archiving your GoPro footage. They are the files you will import into video editing software and use to create your final edited video. LRV files, however, serve a different purpose. They are generated by the GoPro camera to facilitate faster and smoother video playback and editing, especially on devices with limited processing power or in the GoPro app. LRV files are used as proxies for their corresponding high-resolution MP4 files during playback and editing. Once you finish editing, the GoPro app or editing software will export your final video using the high-resolution MP4 file, retaining the original quality.
Is higher LRV better?
The term “higher LRV” can be somewhat misleading, as LRV stands for Low-Resolution Video in the context of GoPro cameras. LRV files are specifically designed to be smaller in size and lower in quality compared to the original high-resolution MP4 files. Their primary purpose is to enable faster and smoother playback and editing, particularly on devices with limited processing power or within the GoPro app.
In this context, a “higher LRV” doesn’t necessarily mean “better” because LRV files are not meant for final output or sharing. The high-resolution MP4 files are the ones you should use for the best video quality and final output. LRV files simply serve as a helpful tool during the editing process to improve performance and user experience.
Which video file format is best quality?
The best video file format for quality depends on various factors, including codec, compression, and compatibility with playback devices or software. Some popular high-quality video file formats include:
MP4 (MPEG-4 Part 14): MP4 is a widely used and versatile container format that can store video, audio, and other data like subtitles and images. It typically uses H.264 or H.265 (HEVC) codecs, which provide excellent video quality with efficient file compression. MP4 files are compatible with most devices and video editing software.
MOV: Developed by Apple, MOV is the default container format for QuickTime. It offers high-quality video and is often used for professional video editing or in Apple devices. MOV files can use different codecs, including ProRes, which is widely adopted in professional video production.
AVI (Audio Video Interleave): Developed by Microsoft, AVI is a long-standing container format that supports various codecs like DivX and XviD. While AVI files can provide high-quality video, they are generally larger in size compared to MP4 and may not be as widely compatible with modern devices.
Is it ok to delete LRV files from GoPro?
Yes, it is okay to delete LRV files from your GoPro camera or SD card. LRV files are low-resolution video files created to facilitate faster and smoother playback and editing, particularly on devices with limited processing power or within the GoPro app.
Deleting LRV files will not impact the high-resolution MP4 video files, which are the primary files used for editing, sharing, or archiving your GoPro footage. However, keep in mind that if you delete LRV files, you may experience slower and less smooth video playback and editing within the GoPro app or on less powerful devices.
If you’ve already finished editing and exporting your final video, or if you need to free up storage space on your SD card, you can safely delete LRV files without harming your original MP4 video files.
How do I export my GoPro videos without losing quality?
To export your GoPro videos without losing quality, follow these steps:
Use high-quality video files: Always work with the original high-resolution MP4 files that your GoPro camera generates. These files contain the highest quality video captured by your camera.
Choose the right editing software: Use video editing software that supports your GoPro’s video format, resolution, and frame rate. Popular video editing software options include Adobe Premiere Pro, Final Cut Pro, DaVinci Resolve, and GoPro’s own Quik app.
Maintain resolution and frame rate: When editing and exporting your video, ensure that the resolution and frame rate settings match those of the original footage. This will help maintain the video’s quality and smoothness during playback.
Use a high-quality codec: When exporting your final video, choose a high-quality codec like H.264 or H.265 (HEVC) for compression. These codecs provide a good balance between quality and file size, ensuring your video retains its original quality while being compressed efficiently.
Configure export settings: In your video editing software, configure the export settings to maintain the highest quality possible. This may include selecting a high bitrate, choosing a lossless quality preset, or enabling features like 2-pass encoding. Keep in mind that higher quality settings will typically result in larger file sizes.
Test your exported video: After exporting your video, play it back on various devices or platforms to ensure the quality is consistent and up to your expectations. If you notice any quality loss, review your export settings and make adjustments accordingly.
What is the best way to delete videos from GoPro?
The best way to delete videos from your GoPro camera depends on your preferences and available tools. Here are a few methods to consider:
Delete videos directly on the GoPro camera:
- Turn on your GoPro camera and navigate to the playback mode.
- Browse through your videos and locate the one you want to delete.
- Press the Delete button (usually the Mode button) and confirm the deletion when prompted.
Delete videos using the GoPro App (Quik App):
- Connect your GoPro camera to your smartphone or tablet via Wi-Fi.
- Launch the GoPro App (Quik App) and connect to your camera.
- Browse through your videos within the app, and tap on the one you want to delete.
- Tap the trash bin icon or the Delete button and confirm the deletion when prompted.
Delete videos using a computer:
- Connect your GoPro camera or insert your SD card into your computer.
- Open the SD card or camera storage in your file explorer.
- Locate the “DCIM” folder and find the video files (usually in MP4 and LRV formats).
- Select the files you want to delete and press the Delete key on your keyboard or right-click and choose “Delete” from the context menu. Confirm the deletion if prompted.
Regardless of the method you choose, make sure to double-check which files you are deleting to avoid accidentally removing important footage. Also, remember to back up your videos or transfer them to your computer or external storage device before deleting them from your GoPro camera or SD card if you want to preserve them.
Why is my GoPro video choppy?
A choppy GoPro video can be caused by several factors, including:
High-resolution footage: Recording in high resolution or high frame rates can result in large video files that may be difficult for some devices or video players to handle smoothly during playback.
Insufficient computer processing power: If your computer lacks the necessary processing power, graphics capabilities, or RAM, it may struggle to play back high-resolution GoPro videos smoothly.
Outdated video player or codecs: An outdated video player or codecs can affect video playback performance. Make sure you’re using the latest version of your video player and have the appropriate codecs installed.
Slow SD card: A slow or low-quality SD card can cause choppy video recording or playback. Ensure you’re using a fast and reliable SD card recommended for your specific GoPro model.
Fragmented video files: Fragmented video files on your SD card or computer storage can impact playback performance. Regularly formatting your SD card in the GoPro camera and maintaining your computer storage can help prevent this issue.
To resolve choppy GoPro video playback, try the following:
- Use the GoPro App (Quik App) or other video players that can efficiently handle high-resolution footage, like VLC Media Player.
- Lower the video playback resolution or use proxy files (such as LRV files) during editing to ease the load on your computer.
- Update your video player software and codecs.
- Upgrade your computer hardware, if necessary, to improve its processing power and graphics capabilities.
- Transcode your GoPro videos to a format that’s easier for your computer or video player to handle without compromising too much on quality.
By addressing the potential causes of choppy video playback, you can enjoy smoother playback and a better overall GoPro video experience.